Apulian Xenon Trefoil Oinochoe

An ancient Greek Attic black-figure trefoil oinochoe (a wine pitcher) painted with a band of grape leaves around the body and rays on the shoulder.

Apulia, Magna Graecia, South Eastern Italy.
Ca. 330 - 300 BC.
Height: 6 1/4 in. (15.9 cm).

Xenon ware is a specific type of Apulian pottery, so named after a vase, now in Frankfurt (Beazley, EVP, p. 219,1.) inscribed with the name: XENON. The type is distinguished by added matte red decoration over black glaze (six’s technique), often in floral and geometric designs. The output and quality of the Greek colonial potters working in Southern Italy increased greatly following the Peloponnesian War when Attic exports fell off sharply. South Italian Colonial Greek craftsmanship of the 4th century BC was an amalgamation of the Ionian (Athenian, Attic) conventions, and Doric (western colonial Greek) styles, with a noticeable native Italian aesthetic. The five predominant regional schools of South Italian pottery were: Apulian, Sicilian, Lucanian, Paestan, and Campanian.

Formerly in the collection of Jerome Eisenberg, New York.
Inv#: 9013
Guaranteed Authentic


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